Colonial starting gate. Photo by Laurie Asseo.

Colonial starting gate. Photo by Laurie Asseo.


Nutshell: A new bill may “unstick” Virginia racing, but questions still abound.

by Nick Hahn

A bill sitting on Governor Terry McAuliffe’s desk will grant more autonomy and return cashflow to racetrack operator Colonial Downs and Virginia’s horsemen, whose deadlock brought pari-mutuel horse racing to a new “whoa” in 2014.  Once signed, the legislation takes effect July 1.

The passage of the legislation leads to the next question: How does racing in Virginia get rebuilt?

Much of the detail may be laid out at the next Virginia Racing Commission, scheduled for April 8.  The March meeting was postponed due to inclement weather.

Under the pending legislation, Colonial Downs will receive a larger portion of proceeds from the advance deposit wagering (ADW) company that it operates, EZ Horseplay.  For their part, Virginia horsemen will receive a larger portion on wagers made through other ADW companies, and they will now have to ability to seek and develop other venues at which to race, perhaps in Virginia’s popular steeplechase regions.

That leads to interesting questions, such as when racing will occur at Colonial Downs, and who will operate it when it does.

Colonial’s new president, Stan Guidroz, sees the answer to the second question as perhaps easier to discern than the answer to the first.

The first step leads toward Colonial Downs becoming a landlord.  In recent weeks, track officials and Virginia horsemen have worked to develop an agreement under which the horsemen would lease and operate Colonial Downs.


“Both sides prefer the lease.  The economics on it have not been agreed upon,” says Guidroz, who said that he considers recent discussions with Virginia Horsemen’s Benevolent and Protective Association (VHBPA) president David Ross “refreshing.”

“The economics point to leasing the assets and join in the process,” explains Guidroz.  “We’re definitely in negotiations.  There is an ‘ask on rent’ and an ‘offer on rent.’  We are also in consensus that the system is broken and there is not enough money to do the things everyone wants to do.”

That, he says, is partially the result of developments in the industry and partially the result of the bill awaiting McAuliffe’s signature.

“The funding that was set up to support live racing goes elsewhere [under the bill].  The economics that shook out weren’t beneficial at all to Colonial,” Guidroz explains.  “So when you don’t get what you want, you get what you can.  When you look at the economics, the system was strained before the General Assembly.  The pie is split up more and doesn’t help the system, at least for Colonial.  With the splits on the ADW revenue, it appears to be an amicable divorce, but it doesn’t support a major league track.  The tenant/landlord relationship may serve as a vehicle to increase revenue.”

Assuming the sides can reach agreement, so far, so good.

The next question: When?

Colonial Downs, now statutorily referred to as a “significant infrastructure limited licensee,” has a somewhat tricky problem. Its signature warm season Bermuda turf course flourishes in the roasting Tidewater summers; but Colonial was originally built to offer fall racing and those same warm summers can wilt the most enthusiastic of railbirds.

Changing over to summer racing from fall initially led to significant attendance and handle gains.  But those metrics then began to decline, and the track never could find a scheduling solution that worked though it tried many: afternoon, twilight or evening, early week or late week, fall or summer.

Averse to footing the bill for stabling on grounds any further, it’s no secret that Colonial’s vision of racing now stops with the unlocking of the gates. One of Colonial’s challenges has been that there has been little infrastructure built in New Kent County since the opening of the track that would support an atmosphere conducive to generating crowds at the track.

Another challenge has been that there is little to connect the fabulous turf course at Colonial Downs to the many breeding farms tucked away in the nooks and crannies of Virginia’s countryside.  Quality Virginia-breds often win major stakes outside of Virginia, but no Virginia-bred has ever won the Virginia Derby.  It could be said that in the last half-decade, Virginia-breds have played a bigger role in the Kentucky Derby than the Virginia Derby.

What’s more, the track’s signature race, the Grade 2 Virginia Derby, faces grave threats in its traditional early summer spot.

Once clearly the premier East Coast three-year old turf race in the nation, the Virginia Derby has seen its turf encroached by a pair of big East Coast races: the $500,000 Penn Mile at the end of May and the $1.25 million, Grade 1 Belmont Derby in early July. That puts the squeeze on Colonial’s $500,000 feature.

Still, Guidroz thinks the underlying conditions — sophomores on the lawn — are the right answer.

“I think it’s still the three-year-old turf racing. We just need to see where we fit on the East Coast schedule.  We’re very sensitive to the turf racing and maintaining the stake’s stature,” said Guidroz.  “The [Virginia Racing] Commission is very supportive of us.  They keep asking us, ‘Are you going to run the Virginia Derby this year?’  We say, ‘We’re trying.’”

Virginia has heritage, resources and passion, however pointed, to become a prominent racing state.   The recent legislation opens a vehicle to rebuild the thoroughbred industry in the Virginia.  Who has the blueprint?

Nick Hahn has been covering Virginia racing since before there was a racetrack. His “Off to the Races” radio show is a must-listen, and his “Nick’s Picks” tip sheet is a shortcut to wagering profits at Colonial Downs.